Possible writings

Shin can be written using different kanji characters and can mean:

真, "true"伸, "extend"新, "new"心, "heart"信, "belief"進, "progress"慎, "humility"晋, "advance"紳, "gentleman"

The name can also be written in hiragana or katakana.

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With the given name Shin

Shin Nohara (森), a Japanese kindergartner
1894 in film

The following is an overview of the events of 1894 in film, including a menu of films released and notable births.


January 7
1905 in film

The year 1905 in film involved some significant events.


Films released in 1905

Airy Fairy Lillian Tries On Her New Corsets Boarding School Girls At Coney Island
1957 in film

The year 1957 in film involved some significant events, with The Bridge on the River Kwai topping the year"s box office và winning the Academy Award for Best Picture.


Top grossing films (U.S.)

(*) After theatrical re-issue(s)


Academy Awards:

Golden Globe Awards:

Palme d"Or (Cannes Film Festival):

Golden Lion (Venice Film Festival):

Golden Bear (Berlin Film Festival):

Top ten money making stars

Notable films released in 1957

U.S.A. Unless stated


A lai (or lay lyrique, "lyric lay", to lớn distinguish it from a lai breton) is a lyrical, narrative poem written in octosyllabic couplets that often deals with tales of adventure and romance. Lais were mainly composed in France và Germany, during the 13th & 14th centuries. The English term lay is a 13th-century loan from Old French lai. The origin of the French term itself is unclear; perhaps it is itself a loan from German Leich (reflected in archaic or dialectal English lake, "sport, play").The terms note, nota and notula (as used by Johannes de Grocheio) appear to lớn be have been synonyms for lai.

The poetic khung of the lai usually has several stanzas, none of which have the same form. As a result, the accompanying music consists of sections which do not repeat. This distinguishes the lai from other common types of musically important verse of the period (for example, the rondeau and the ballade). Towards the kết thúc of its development in the 14th century, some lais repeat stanzas, but usually only in the longer examples. There is one very late example of a lai, written khổng lồ mourn the defeat of the French at the Battle of Agincourt (1415), (Lay de la guerre, by Pierre de Nesson) but no music for it survives.

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Lai (state)

Lai (simplified Chinese: 莱; traditional Chinese: 萊; pinyin: Lái), also as Laiyi (萊夷), was an ancient Dongyi state located in what is now eastern Shandong Province, recorded in the Book of Xia. Tang Shanchun (唐善纯) believes lai means "mountain" in the old Yue language, while the Yue Jue Shu (越絕書) says lai means "wilderness".


Lai was a traditional enemy of the State of Qi to its west. As soon as Jiang Ziya, the first ruler of Qi, was enfeoffed at Qi, the state of Lai attacked its capital at Yingqiu. In 567 BC, Lai attacked Qi but was decisively defeated by Duke Ling of Qi, và its last ruler Furou, Duke Gong of Lai, was killed. Lai was a large state, and Qi more than doubled in form size after annexing Lai. The people were moved lớn Laiwu, where Mencius later called them the Qídōng yěrén (齊東野人), the "peasants of eastern Qi".

Rulers of Lai

Furou (浮柔), Duke Gong of Lai (萊共公) ?–567 BC


Lai (Chinese surname)

Lai (Traditional Chinese: 賴; Simplified Chinese: 赖; Pinyin: Lài) is a common Chinese surname that is pronounced similarly in both Hakka and Mandarin. It is also a Taiwanese/Minnan surname that is romanized as Luā.

The Lais" ancestry is from the state of Lai in the Spring and Autumn Period. Many Lais dispersed khổng lồ the south during their defeat by the Chu state; many even changed their surname to lớn escape persecution.

The brother of Zhou Wu Wang (周武王), Shu Ying, was awarded as Duke of Lai (northeast of Shi in Henan). In 583 B.C the Lai kingdom was destroyed by Chu Ling Wang. Some of its people fled to lớn neighboring kingdoms of Luo (羅) & Fu (傅), others migrated north & settled in da Yan (Yanling in Henan). They adopted the name Lai lớn commemorate their old kingdom.

Today, the largest Lai clans are in Taiwan, Philippines, Indonesia, Xingning, Meixian and Melbourne. A 2006 census shows that Lai is the 90th most common surname in China.

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